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Exploring Housing & Education Outcomes

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Enterprise and StriveTogether use housing and education outcomes to help guide and measure the impact of our work. While not exhaustive, the outcomes below are grounded in evidence and offer a starting point for identifying shared outcomes in cross-sector work. The following pages summarize each outcome in brief and a full description of the housing and education outcomes is included in Appendices C and D.


Housing Outcomes

  • Housing Stability
  • Housing Quality
  • Housing Affordability
  • Neighborhood Context
  • Housing That Builds Assets and Wealth

Education Outcomes

  • Kindergarten Readiness
  • Early Grade Reading
  • Middle Grade Math
  • High School Graduation
  • Post-secondary Enrollment
  • Post-secondary Degree Completion

Shared Housing and Education Outcomes

Each community’s shared outcomes will reflect its unique assets, challenges and goals. This toolkit provides a framework to help communities identify and develop the shared outcomes that best serve their cross-sector goals, using the above outcomes as a starting point.

Examples of shared outcomes include the following:

  • Kindergarten readiness for children living in subsidized housing
  • Stable housing for students experiencing homelessness or near homelessness
  • Increased high school graduation rates for students living in public housing
  • Increased attendance and education performance for children living in poor-quality housing

Housing Outcomes

The housing outcomes described below reflect the combined research and experience of Enterprise and the Urban Institute and outline the ways in which housing and related neighborhood factors impact outcomes for individuals and families. While the “cradle-to-career” education outcomes in the next section reflect a linear progression in educational attainment during an individual’s life, housing outcomes are interconnected but not necessarily chronological.

Housing Stability Explore In Depth
  • Reduction in Homelessness
  • Multiyear Stability
  • Reduction in Evictions
  • Number of people who are homeless on a single night (HUD Point-in-Time counts)
  • Change of address in student school records (Local educational agency, school or district)
  • Eviction rates (Eviction Lab)
Housing Quality Explore In Depth
  • Access to safe and healthy housing
  • Reduced exposure to environmental toxins
Housing Affordability Explore In Depth
  • Lack of cost burden
  • Reduced crowding
Neighborhood Context Explore In Depth
  • Access to neighborhood amenities and resources
  • Neighborhood safety
Housing That Builds Assets and Wealth Explore In Depth
  • Access to home equity
  • Credit and asset building

    Education Outcomes

    The education outcomes presented here were developed by StriveTogether. The seven outcomes described below are organized along a progression from “cradle-to-career,” within a single framework for educational achievement over an individual’s life. Notably, this progression differs from the interconnected but non-linear housing outcomes in the previous section. Other education outcomes may measure educational systems more broadly, focused on school funding and resources, teacher preparation and effectiveness, or school buildings and infrastructure.

    Cradle-to-Career Achievement

    Explore in Depth

    Kindergarten Readiness

    • Kindergarten readiness assessments (Local education agency, school or district)

    Explore in Depth

    Early Grade Reading
    • Third-grade reading assessments (Local education agency, school or district)

    Explore in Depth

    Middle Grade Math
    • Sixth-grade state assessments (Local education agency, school or district)

    Explore in Depth

    High School Graduation
    • Graduation rate (Local education agency, school or district)

    Explore in Depth

    Post-secondary Enrollment
    • Enrollment in a four-year college or university within 16 months of graduation (Local education agency, school or district)

    Explore in Depth

    Post-secondary Degree Completion

    Amplifying Cross-Sector Collaboration

    Identifying shared outcomes or goals helps to build consensus among diverse partners and facilitate coordinated programmatic, financial and policy efforts to affect change and amplify impact. Collaborating around shared outcomes also helps to illuminate interdependencies across multiple partners or sectors. For example, many education-focused organizations increasingly recognize the difficulty of improving kindergarten readiness if families are living in unstable, unaffordable or poor-quality housing. By measuring and tracking progress toward shared outcomes, partners can benefit from continuous learning and demonstrate their impact over time.19

    The grand challenges of our time also present a striking opportunity for new processes of co-creating change and new outcomes.20

    The following case study highlights how the goals of two distinct sectors can be brought together as a shared outcome. The Venn diagram included in the case study will be used throughout the toolkit to illustrate examples of shared outcomes between housing and education partners. 


    20 Jeanine Becker & David B. Smith. “The Need for Cross-Sector Collaboration.” Stanford Social Innovation Review. Winter 2018.


    19 Maggie Grieve. “Shared Measurement: Advancing Evaluation of Community Development Outcomes — Success Measures at NeighborWorks of America.” In What Counts: Harnessing Data for America’s Communities, Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco and the Urban Institute, 2014, pp. 278–95.

    Case Study: After-School Programming in Affordable Housing Complexes

    Lead Organization: Star-C

    Location: Atlanta, Georgia

    “An education model with an affordable housing solution,” Star-C is a nonprofit in Atlanta, Georgia, that coordinates community services at affordable housing complexes. Star-C identifies and works with private landlords who own or manage market-rate apartment complexes near schools experiencing high rates of student mobility or transiency. Through this partnership, private landlords agree to keep rents affordable and cover half the costs for community services, including after-school programs, community gardening, and health and wellness navigation. Affordable rents and community services can help families achieve stability and reduce student mobility and transiency. In turn, Star-C coordinates the programming and covers the remaining service costs through donations and grants. Star-C also partners with community-based organizations and school districts to provide additional services and student support.

    Housing Goal:

    Provide affordable rents to low- income households to reduce instability and turnover.


    Education Goal:

    Reduce student mobility in elementary schools located near apartment complexes to increase the consistency of children’s schooling and other academic supports.


    Shared Housing and Education Outcome:

    Through landlord partnerships, Star-C’s programming will stabilize apartment communities and reduce rental turnover, allowing local schools to experience reduced student transiency.


    Want to learn more about housing-based programming for students and families? Take a look at the case study in Stage 4: Housing-Based Education Initiatives. Ready to move through the partnership stages? Get started with the Mobilizing Partnerships for Housing & Education section.