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Appendix E

Resources for Housing and Education Partnerships

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In addition to the resources and tools listed within the text, the following pages list additional sources of guidance relevant to each of the partnership stages.

  • Comprehensive
  • Stage 1
  • Stage 2
  • Stage 3
  • Stage 4
  • Stage 5
  • Show All

Comprehensive Resources for Cross-Sector Partnerships

A number of existing resources and toolkits offer valuable guidance on cross-sector partnerships with relevance to all five of the partnership stages.

  • The Intersector Toolkit | The Intersector Project: The Intersector Toolkit is a comprehensive and engaging resource that can help to “diagnose, design, implement, and assess successful cross-sector collaborations,” with content ranging from guiding questions and resources on engaging partners to telling the story of the shared work.
  • The Value of Backbone Organizations in Collective Impact | The Greater Cincinnati Foundation and FSG, Collective Impact Forum: In a series of articles on the Stanford Social Impact Review website, the Greater Cincinnati Foundation and the nonprofit consulting firm FSG highlight key practices of an effective backbone organization and links to other resources on getting started in collective impact work.
  • Building Impact: A Closer Look at Local Cross-Sector Collaborations for Education | Teachers College, Columbia University: In “Building Impact,” a research team from the Department of Education Policy and Social Analysis at Teachers College, Columbia University, compiles examples, guidance and findings from cross-sector education collaborations in eight cities across the country.
  • Cross-Sector Partnership Guideline | Danish Red Cross and Deloitte: The Cross-Sector Partnership Guideline, authored by Deloitte on behalf of the Danish Red Cross, offers a succinct set of summaries about a range of partnership elements, from scoping a project to evaluating the partnership.


Resources for Assessing Existing Conditions

The following resources offer guidance on conducting an assessment of existing conditions.

National datasets on housing and education are widely available and often contain local or regional data in the form of online databases or downloadable reports. The following resources are national data sources that can be used to access local or regional data.

  • American Community Survey (ACS) | United States Census Bureau: Administered through the åUnited States Census Bureau, ACS data come from an annually administered survey. Users can search easily based on geography and download relevant information tables.
  • Child Opportunity Index | The Child Opportunity Index displays information about opportunities and inequities for children in different metropolitan areas, allowing users to explore national datasets that are specific to youth in their area of focus.
  • Child Trends DataBank | Child Trends: The Child Trends DataBank is an online resource with a range of indicators and data summaries regarding the well-being of families and children in the United States. It includes a focus on educational attainment and disaggregation by race.
  • County Health Rankings | Robert Wood Johnson Foundation: The County Health Rankings offer a wealth of data, organized by state, county or ZIP code, regarding public health factors and outcomes in the United States.
  • Digest of Education Statistics | National Center for Education Statistics: The Digest of Education Statistics is a comprehensive report on education in the United States that is released annually by the National Center on Education Statistics. The data can be examined longitudinally, and many tables are organized by race and ethnicity.
  • Education Data Explorer | Urban Institute: The Urban Institute’s Education Data Explorer compiles school and school district data from publicly available sources and makes it available for users to access. Data include location and grade offerings, along with information about enrollment demographics, staffing levels, student discipline and more.
  • Equity Profiles and Data Summaries | National Equity Atlas: The National Equity Atlas features a range of data profiles and summaries on the nation’s 100 largest cities, 150 largest regions and all 50 states.
  • Federal Data Summary School Years 2015–16 through 2017–18: Education for Homeless Children and Youth | National Center for Homeless Education, UNC Greensboro: The National Center for Homeless Education provides an annual report based on data submitted by states regarding the demographics and academic performance of students experiencing homelessness.
  • Kids Count | The Annie E. Casey Foundation: Operated by the Annie E. Casey Foundation, Kids Count is an online resource that provides data sources on child well-being, including an index that compares performance on a set of 16 indicators (one of which is education) for states across time.
  • Opportunity Atlas: Mapping the Childhood Roots of Social Mobility | Opportunity Insights: Coordinated by a multidisciplinary team at Harvard University and led by Economics Professor Raj Chetty, The Opportunity Atlas includes publicly available data regarding the impact of neighborhood conditions on children’s outcomes in adulthood, organized by census tract.
  • Opportunity360 Community Dashboard | Enterprise Community Partners: Enterprise’s Opportunity360 Community Dashboard offers a wide range of data about the opportunity pathways and outcomes of a neighborhood, enabling users to quickly identify the neighborhood’s assets and challenges. Through an interactive online platform, users can explore neighborhood data for any census tract and compare it with other census tracts.
  • Out of Reach | National Low Income Housing Coalition: The National Low Income Housing Coalition produces an annual report called “Out of Reach” to document the gap between renters’ wages and the cost of rental housing in states across the United States. The data can be viewed by ZIP code or state, allowing comparison of such key factors as minimum wage and fair market rents.
  • Public Housing Authority Picture of Subsidized Households | U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development: HUD provides an online database of information regarding households living in public housing. Users can search the database for specific developments to learn more about the number of people served, units available, occupancy rates and resident income, along with other data points.

Example Assessments

The following reports are based on community assessments of existing conditions. Some assessments focus on a variety of topics and issues within a community, while others are focused on a particular topic.


Housing Partners

The following table offers an overview of the housing organizations that typically are active at the local level and that may be well positioned to serve as partners on cross-sector initiatives.




Housing Agencies

  • Public housing authorities (PHAs)

PHAs typically are the largest “landlord” in a given city or municipality, making them a fitting partner or stakeholder in efforts to better support low-income
families. Governance structures of PHAs vary widely by state, with most PHAs led by an executive director and governing board, which typically includes a resident representative.

For examples involving a housing authority, see the case studies in Stage 1 and Stage 2 in the Housing and Education Partnerships text.

City Departments and Offices

  • Offices of housing, planning, community development, etc.
  • Finance agency or redevelopment authority
  • Mayor’s office

Many cities and towns have offices dedicated specifically to housing or related municipal issues, such as housing finance and redevelopment, planning, and community
or economic development. These offices are valuable sources of knowledge about ongoing housing efforts and programs, relevant neighborhood data, and municipal policies. City offices or agencies may be willing partners, because they often have dedicated resources and staff assigned to specific neighborhoods or geographic areas.

Mayor’s offices also may have a particular focus on housing and interest in supporting the work of a partnership.

For an example involving alignment with a Mayor’s office, see the case study in Stage 3 in the Housing and Education Partnerships text.

State Departments and Offices

  • Housing, planning or community development departments
  • Housing finance agencies

Many states have departments dedicated to housing and housing finance and may be active locally in financing housing projects or in helping cities plan for additional housing. States also may have staff or resources that can support local efforts. Given their access to funding and regulatory powers, state-level departments also are well- equipped to incentivize cross-sector partnerships.

For an example of state involvement in local partnerships, see the case study on the Homework Starts with Home initiative in Stage 5 in the Housing and Education Partnerships text.

Housing Developers, Owners and Operators

  • Community development corporations (CDCs), community housing development organizations (CHDOs)
  • For-profit and nonprofit affordable housing developers and lenders
  • Property managers
  • Private landlords

Numerous organizations of varying sizes are involved locally in developing, managing and advocating for affordable housing. Landlords, CDCs and CHDOs may focus their housing development and services in certain neighborhoods, making them excellent prospects for partnership within a target geography.

Other affordable housing developers, property managers, private landlords or lenders may work nationally or across a city or region, offering an ability to scale programs across multiple properties or policy areas.

For an example of a partnership involving private landlords, see the case study regarding the Star-C program in the Exploring Housing and Education Outcomes section in the Housing and Education Partnerships text.

Service providers (focused on resident services or case management) and advocacy organizations

  • Continuum of Care (CoC) participating organizations
  • Community action programs (CAPs)
  • Homeless shelters
  • Housing counseling organizations
  • Housing advocacy organizations, including tenant rights and legal services
  • United Way

A wide range of service providers work with households experiencing homelessness or housing instability, either directly through providing temporary housing for individuals experiencing homelessness, or indirectly through case management, rent subsidies, cash assistance, housing or legal counseling, and much more. These organizations offer a wealth of knowledge on vulnerable communities and often are willing partners to help extend the reach of their services.

For an example involving service providers, see the case study on Project Hope in Stage 5 in the Housing and Education Partnerships text.


Education Partners

The following table offers an overview of the education organizations that typically are active at the local level and that may be well positioned to serve as partners on cross-sector initiatives.




Schools and School Districts

  • Public, charter or magnet schools
  • Colleges and universities
  • Local education agencies
  • Rural school districts
  • Public school districts
  • School boards

School or school district leaders — such as principals, deans, presidents or superintendents — often are key stakeholders when working in partnership, because their leadership or support can help guide collective efforts or designate staff time or resources. Schools and
school districts also may have staff known as “community liaisons” or other community-facing staff or offices that are well prepared to work collaboratively across sectors to coordinate efforts and services.

For an example involving a college or university, see the case study in Stage 2 in the Housing and Education Partnerships text.

For an example involving a school district, see the case study on Project Hope in Stage 5 in the Housing and Education Partnerships text.

Backbone Organizations and Collective Impact Coalitions

Organizations working within the StriveTogether network, and others focused on collective impact, focus on key education outcomes, with strong experience in sharing data and pursuing systems change. Already serving as
a backbone organization within the educational sector in a particular city or region, these organizations have a wealth of experience and practice to offer cross-sector collaborations between housing and education.

For an example involving a StriveTogether network member organization, see the case study on the Early Childhood Initiative in Stage 1 or the case study on the College Housing Assistance Program in Stage 2 in the Housing and Education Partnerships text.

State Departments and Agencies

  • State department of education
  • State education agency

State agencies may be led by a superintendent, commissioner or secretary of education. Working with state departments and agencies offers the opportunity to affect change across a broader set of policies and geographies.

For an example of state involvement in local partnerships, see the case study on the Homework Starts with Home initiative in Stage 5 in the Housing and Education Partnerships text.

Service Providers (focused on programming and family supports)

  • Boys and Girls Clubs
  • YMCAs and YWCAs

Many service providers operate within schools, while others offer out-of-school educational support. As a result, these service providers typically have a deep understanding of family needs, neighborhood and school context, as well as the impact of certain programming on family outcomes. As a result, these partners are important stakeholders to include in the design and implementation of cross-sector solutions.

For an example involving service providers, see the case study on Project Hope in Stage 5 in the Housing and Education Partnerships text.

After-School, School Enrichment and Youth Programming Organizations

  • Mentoring and tutoring organizations
  • Arts, sports and environmental organizations
  • Recreation centers and libraries

Similar to other service providers, these organizations, focused on educational enrichment and youth programming, offer an understanding of community needs and may offer a different perspective than school-based stakeholders. These service providers are important partners to provide input into the design and implementation of cross-sector solutions.

For an example involving a mentoring and tutoring organization, see the case study in Stage 4 in the Housing and Education Partnerships text.


Resources for Partnership Development

The following resources offer background and guidance on key elements of partnership development, including strategies for community and stakeholder engagement.



Resources for Identifying and Prioritizing Shared Outcomes

The following resources offer guidance within the three overall steps toward identifying and prioritizing shared outcomes: Consider shared outcomes, Engage stakeholders and Plan an approach.

  • Shared Outcomes Discussion Guide (Appendix F)


Resources on Partnership Roles and Agreements

The following resources provide background on structuring partnerships, from creating a Memoranda of Understanding to assigning roles and shared responsibilities.

Resources for Outcome Measurement

The following resources outline the key elements and steps for outcome measurement, as articulated in Stage 4: Identify indicators, Create a data collection and measurement plan, Establish data-sharing agreements, and Adopt continuous and collaborative improvement models.



Resources for Conducting Evaluations

In addition to the resources included in the toolkit section describing Stage 5 of partnership, the following resources offer guidance on how evaluation strategies and practices can help build evidence of a program’s effectiveness or create momentum for systems change.


Using Evidence to Drive Systems Change

In addition to the examples included in Stage 5, the following resources offer examples of how evidence collected through formal evaluation or program implementation can be used to communicate about and advocate for policy and systems change.