In addition to the resources and tools listed within the text, the following pages list additional sources of guidance relevant to each of the partnership stages.
- Stage 1
- Stage 2
- Stage 3
- Stage 4
- Stage 5
- Show All
Comprehensive Resources for Cross-Sector Partnerships
A number of existing resources and toolkits offer valuable guidance on cross-sector partnerships with relevance to all five of the partnership stages.
- The Intersector Toolkit | The Intersector Project: The Intersector Toolkit is a comprehensive and engaging resource that can help to “diagnose, design, implement, and assess successful cross-sector collaborations,” with content ranging from guiding questions and resources on engaging partners to telling the story of the shared work.
- The Value of Backbone Organizations in Collective Impact | The Greater Cincinnati Foundation and FSG, Collective Impact Forum: In a series of articles on the Stanford Social Impact Review website, the Greater Cincinnati Foundation and the nonprofit consulting firm FSG highlight key practices of an effective backbone organization and links to other resources on getting started in collective impact work.
- Building Impact: A Closer Look at Local Cross-Sector Collaborations for Education | Teachers College, Columbia University: In “Building Impact,” a research team from the Department of Education Policy and Social Analysis at Teachers College, Columbia University, compiles examples, guidance and findings from cross-sector education collaborations in eight cities across the country.
- Cross-Sector Partnership Guideline | Danish Red Cross and Deloitte: The Cross-Sector Partnership Guideline, authored by Deloitte on behalf of the Danish Red Cross, offers a succinct set of summaries about a range of partnership elements, from scoping a project to evaluating the partnership.
STAGE 1: ASSESS EXISTING CONDITIONS
Resources for Assessing Existing Conditions
The following resources offer guidance on conducting an assessment of existing conditions.
- Conducting a Community Needs Assessment | The Children’s Trust, National Neighborhood Indicators Partnership (NNIP)
- Comprehensive Community Needs Assessment Toolkit | Maryland Community Action Partnership
National datasets on housing and education are widely available and often contain local or regional data in the form of online databases or downloadable reports. The following resources are national data sources that can be used to access local or regional data.
- American Community Survey (ACS) | United States Census Bureau: Administered through the åUnited States Census Bureau, ACS data come from an annually administered survey. Users can search easily based on geography and download relevant information tables.
- Child Opportunity Index | diversitydatakids.org: The Child Opportunity Index displays information about opportunities and inequities for children in different metropolitan areas, allowing users to explore national datasets that are specific to youth in their area of focus.
- Child Trends DataBank | Child Trends: The Child Trends DataBank is an online resource with a range of indicators and data summaries regarding the well-being of families and children in the United States. It includes a focus on educational attainment and disaggregation by race.
- County Health Rankings | Robert Wood Johnson Foundation: The County Health Rankings offer a wealth of data, organized by state, county or ZIP code, regarding public health factors and outcomes in the United States.
- Digest of Education Statistics | National Center for Education Statistics: The Digest of Education Statistics is a comprehensive report on education in the United States that is released annually by the National Center on Education Statistics. The data can be examined longitudinally, and many tables are organized by race and ethnicity.
- Education Data Explorer | Urban Institute: The Urban Institute’s Education Data Explorer compiles school and school district data from publicly available sources and makes it available for users to access. Data include location and grade offerings, along with information about enrollment demographics, staffing levels, student discipline and more.
- Equity Profiles and Data Summaries | National Equity Atlas: The National Equity Atlas features a range of data profiles and summaries on the nation’s 100 largest cities, 150 largest regions and all 50 states.
- Federal Data Summary School Years 2015–16 through 2017–18: Education for Homeless Children and Youth | National Center for Homeless Education, UNC Greensboro: The National Center for Homeless Education provides an annual report based on data submitted by states regarding the demographics and academic performance of students experiencing homelessness.
- Kids Count | The Annie E. Casey Foundation: Operated by the Annie E. Casey Foundation, Kids Count is an online resource that provides data sources on child well-being, including an index that compares performance on a set of 16 indicators (one of which is education) for states across time.
- Opportunity Atlas: Mapping the Childhood Roots of Social Mobility | Opportunity Insights: Coordinated by a multidisciplinary team at Harvard University and led by Economics Professor Raj Chetty, The Opportunity Atlas includes publicly available data regarding the impact of neighborhood conditions on children’s outcomes in adulthood, organized by census tract.
- Opportunity360 Community Dashboard | Enterprise Community Partners: Enterprise’s Opportunity360 Community Dashboard offers a wide range of data about the opportunity pathways and outcomes of a neighborhood, enabling users to quickly identify the neighborhood’s assets and challenges. Through an interactive online platform, users can explore neighborhood data for any census tract and compare it with other census tracts.
- Out of Reach | National Low Income Housing Coalition: The National Low Income Housing Coalition produces an annual report called “Out of Reach” to document the gap between renters’ wages and the cost of rental housing in states across the United States. The data can be viewed by ZIP code or state, allowing comparison of such key factors as minimum wage and fair market rents.
- Public Housing Authority Picture of Subsidized Households | U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development: HUD provides an online database of information regarding households living in public housing. Users can search the database for specific developments to learn more about the number of people served, units available, occupancy rates and resident income, along with other data points.
The following reports are based on community assessments of existing conditions. Some assessments focus on a variety of topics and issues within a community, while others are focused on a particular topic.
- City of Tacoma: Community Needs Assessment | City of Tacoma, Washington
- College and University Basic Needs Insecurity: A National #RealCollege Survey Report | The Hope Center for College, Community, and Justice
- High School Persistence and Completion of Houston-Area Youth | Texas Education Research Center (TERC), The University of Texas at Austin
- A Study of Financial Hardship | United Way Asset Limited, Income Constrained, Employed (ALICE) Project
- To Live in the Community You Serve: School District Employee Housing in California | Center for Cities + Schools, University of California, Berkeley
- Creating Pathways for Educational and Neighborhood Success: Hunters View HOPE SF Educational Strategy Plan |Center for Cities + Schools, University of California, Berkeley
- Portraits of Change: Aligning School and Community Resources to Reduce Chronic Absence | Communities In Schools
STAGE 2: IDENTIFY AND ENGAGE PARTNERS
The following table offers an overview of the housing organizations that typically are active at the local level and that may be well positioned to serve as partners on cross-sector initiatives.
The following table offers an overview of the education organizations that typically are active at the local level and that may be well positioned to serve as partners on cross-sector initiatives.
Schools and School Districts
School or school district leaders — such as principals, deans, presidents or superintendents — often are key stakeholders when working in partnership, because their leadership or support can help guide collective efforts or designate staff time or resources. Schools and
Backbone Organizations and Collective Impact Coalitions
Organizations working within the StriveTogether network, and others focused on collective impact, focus on key education outcomes, with strong experience in sharing data and pursuing systems change. Already serving as
State Departments and Agencies
State agencies may be led by a superintendent, commissioner or secretary of education. Working with state departments and agencies offers the opportunity to affect change across a broader set of policies and geographies.
Service Providers (focused on programming and family supports)
Many service providers operate within schools, while others offer out-of-school educational support. As a result, these service providers typically have a deep understanding of family needs, neighborhood and school context, as well as the impact of certain programming on family outcomes. As a result, these partners are important stakeholders to include in the design and implementation of cross-sector solutions.
After-School, School Enrichment and Youth Programming Organizations
Similar to other service providers, these organizations, focused on educational enrichment and youth programming, offer an understanding of community needs and may offer a different perspective than school-based stakeholders. These service providers are important partners to provide input into the design and implementation of cross-sector solutions.
Resources for Partnership Development
The following resources offer background and guidance on key elements of partnership development, including strategies for community and stakeholder engagement.
- Partnerships: Frameworks for Working Together | Strengthening Nonprofits: A Capacity Builder’s Resource Library
- The Partnership Toolbox | World Wildlife Fund (WWF)
- Making Meetings Work | Collective Impact Forum
- 12 Steps Towards Successful Cross-Sector Partnership | The Partnering Initiative
- The Partnering Toolbox | The Partnering Initiative
- Conducting Focus Groups | Community Tool Box, Center for Community Health and Development at the University of Kansas
- Public Participation Guide: Focus Groups | U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
- Conducting Needs Assessment Surveys | Community Tool Box, Center for Community Health and Development at the University of Kansas
- Methods for Conducting an Educational Needs Assessment | University of Idaho Extension | pages 8–12
- Measurement Tools | Success Measures at NeighborWorks America
PARTICIPATORY ASSET MAPPING
- Participatory Asset Mapping: A Community Research Lab Toolkit | The Advancement Project and Healthy City
- Unlocking Your Community’s Hidden Strengths: A Guidebook to Community Asset-Mapping | Southern Poverty Law Center
- Activating Asset Mapping | AmeriCorps, VISTACampus
STAKEHOLDER, NETWORK AND SYSTEMS MAPPING
- Identifying and Analyzing Stakeholders and Their Interests | Community Tool Box, Center for Community Health and Development at the University of Kansas
- Using a Stakeholder Analysis to Identify Key Local Actors | Grassroots Collective
- Stakeholder Engagement: Tools for Action | Home and Community-Based Services Clearinghouse
- Guide to Actor Mapping | FSG
- Network Mapping Tool | Advocacy & Communication Solutions
- Worksheet: Network Mapping for Crowdfunding Success | GlobalGiving
- Systems Practice | The Omidyar Group
HOSTING COMMUNITY EVENTS
STAGE 3: PRIORITIZE AND DEVELOP SHARED OUTCOMES
Resources for Identifying and Prioritizing Shared Outcomes
The following resources offer guidance within the three overall steps toward identifying and prioritizing shared outcomes: Consider shared outcomes, Engage stakeholders and Plan an approach.
CONSIDER SHARED OUTCOMES
- Appendix CAppendix D)
- Housing as a Platform for Improving Child and Youth Education Outcomes | Stewards for Affordable Housing for the Future and Urban Institute
- Appendix F)
PLAN AN APPROACH
- Theory of Change: A Practical Tool for Action, Results and Learning | Organizational Research Services, The Annie E. Casey Foundation
- Aim Statement | Minnesota Department of Health
- Program Evaluation Framework Checklist: Describe the Program | Program Performance and Evaluation Office, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
- Logic Model Development Guide | W.K. Kellogg Foundation
- Introduction to the Results Count™ Path to Equity: A Guide to the Accountability for Equitable Results Framework |The Annie E. Casey Foundation
STAGE 4: PARTNER AND IMPLEMENT CROSS-SECTOR PARTNERSHIPS
Resources on Partnership Roles and Agreements
The following resources provide background on structuring partnerships, from creating a Memoranda of Understanding to assigning roles and shared responsibilities.
- Collaboration Toolkit: Creating an MOU | Colorado Collaboration Award, Colorado Nonprofit Association
- Overview of roles and responsibilities, worksheet and guidance document, downloadable MOU template |access2innovation
Resources for Outcome Measurement
The following resources outline the key elements and steps for outcome measurement, as articulated in Stage 4: Identify indicators, Create a data collection and measurement plan, Establish data-sharing agreements, and Adopt continuous and collaborative improvement models.
- Building Impact: A Closer Look at Local Cross-Sector Collaborations for Education | Teacher’s College, Columbia University |Chapter 12: Using Data, pages 74–81
- Addressing the Problem of Chronic Absenteeism: A Promising School-Community Partnership | Communities In Schools
- Criteria and Benchmarks for Achieving the Goal of Ending Youth Homelessness | U.S. Interagency Council on Homelessness
CREATE A DATA COLLECTION AND MEASUREMENT PLAN
- Data Governance Tool Kit Guiding Framework | The Annie E. Casey Foundation
- Data Governance for Two-Generation Programs | The Annie E. Casey Foundation
- Data Collection Guide and Template | Colorado Department of Education
- Create a Detailed Data Collection Plan | The Institute for Educational Leadership — Coalition for Community Schools |pages 4–5
ESTABLISH DATA-SHARING AGREEMENTS
- Collection of Example Data-Sharing Agreements: Education | National Neighborhood Indicators Partnership, Urban Institute
- Collection of Example Data-Sharing Agreements: Homelessness + Housing | National Neighborhood Indicators Partnership, Urban Institute
- Believe to Become Master Data Sharing Agreement for Education Data | National Neighborhood Indicators Partnership, Urban Institute
- Housing and Education Cross-Systems Collaboration: Examples | HUD Exchange, U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development
- Measuring Performance: A Guidance Document for Promise Neighborhoods on Collecting Data and Reporting Results | Urban Institute, U.S. Department of Education | pages 145–156
ADOPT CONTINUOUS AND COLLABORATIVE IMPROVEMENT MODELS
- Promise Partnership of Salt Lake City | StriveTogether Network
- E3 Alliance | StriveTogether Network
- Defining CQI [Continuous Quality Improvement] and Building a CQI Framework | Child and Family Services Review Information Portal
- Quality Self-Assessment Tool for Expanded Learning Programs | Partnership for Children & Youth
- PDSA: Plan-Do-Study-Act | Minnesota Department of Health
- Tracking the Well-Being of San Antonio’s Children and Families | National Neighborhood Indicators Project, Urban Institute
- Building Impact: A Closer Look at Local Cross-Sector Collaborations for Education | Teacher’s College, Columbia University | page 100
- How to Integrate Continuous Learning into Collective Impact | Collective Impact Forum
- Culture of Continuous Learning Project: Theory of Change | Office of Planning, Research and Evaluation, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services
Targeted and Universal Strategies Achieve Better and More Equitable Results | The Annie E. Casey Foundation, Results Count™
STAGE 5: SUSTAIN PARTNERSHIPS FOR SYSTEMS CHANGE
Resources for Conducting Evaluations
In addition to the resources included in the toolkit section describing Stage 5 of partnership, the following resources offer guidance on how evaluation strategies and practices can help build evidence of a program’s effectiveness or create momentum for systems change.
EVALUATION PLANNING AND IMPLEMENTATION
- Evaluation Capacity Diagnostic Tool | Informing Change
- Reflections on Applying Principles of Equitable Evaluation | The WestEd Justice & Prevention Research Center, The Annie E. Casey Foundation
- Placing Equity Concerns at the Center of Knowledge Development | Center for the Study of Social Policy
- Evaluating Comprehensive Community Initiatives | Community Tool Box, Center for Community Health and Development at the University of Kansas
- Partnerships: Frameworks for Working Together | Strengthening Nonprofits: A Capacity Builder’s Resource Library | pages 26–28
- Guide to Evaluating Collective Impact | Collective Impact Forum
- Strengthening Evaluation Literacy: Demystifying Participatory and Collaborative Approaches to Evaluation | Tamarack Institute
- What Counts: Harnessing Data for America’s Communities | NeighborWorks America, Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco, Urban Institute
EXAMPLES OF EVALUATION PLANS
- CLN Kids Draft Evaluation Plan | CLN Kids, Albuquerque, New Mexico
- Families, Education, Preschool, and Promise Levy: Implementation and Evaluation Plan | Seattle Department of Education & Early Learning | pages 16–20
Using Evidence to Drive Systems Change
In addition to the examples included in Stage 5, the following resources offer examples of how evidence collected through formal evaluation or program implementation can be used to communicate about and advocate for policy and systems change.
EXAMPLES OF CROSS-SECTOR REPORTS AND BRIEFS
- Next Steps for the Seattle Housing Authority-Seattle Public Schools Partnership: Assessing Progress for a Strong and Innovative Partnership | Urban Institute
- Education Data for Health Systems | Healthy Schools Campaign
- How Housing Mobility Affects Education Outcomes for Low-Income Children | Evidence Matters, U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development
EXAMPLES OF CROSS-SECTOR EVALUATION REPORTS
- MDRC Evaluation of Communities In Schools: Final Reports | Communities In Schools
- Tacoma Housing Authority McCarver Special Housing Program 2015 Year Four Evaluation Report | Tacoma Housing Authority, Tacoma, Washington
- Improving College Access and Success: Grand Rapids Challenge Scholars | FSG
- Supporting Learning and Evaluation for Latino Student Success | FSG
- An Evaluation of Family Economic Success—Early Childhood Education: Findings from a Two-Generation Approach | James Bell Associates
EXAMPLES OF REPORTS OR BRIEFS THAT USE EVIDENCE TO DRIVE SYSTEMS CHANGE
- Impact KCK Toolkit: A Guide to Replication | Avenue of Life, University of Missouri–Kansas City
- BEYOND THE FOOD PANTRY: Supporting Community College Students with Affordable Housing Vouchers: Lessons from the Field | The Hope Center for College, Community, and Justice
- The Path to Partnership: Lessons Learned in the Pursuit of Joint Initiatives between Affordable Housing Providers and Medicaid Managed Care Programs | Stewards of Affordable Housing for the Future